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200. Erin R Whitehouse, Jesse Bonwitt, etc., Clinical and Epidemiological Findings from Enhanced Monkeypox Surveillance in Tshuapa Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo During 2011–2015, 2021.03.01, https://academic.oup.com/jid/article/223/11/1870/6174433?searchresult=1#. Monkeypox incidence was twice that reported during 1980–1985, an increase possibly linked to declining immunity provided by smallpox vaccination. The high proportion of cases attributed to human exposures suggests changing exposure patterns. Cases were distributed across age and sex, suggesting frequent exposures that follow sociocultural norms.

199. David L Heymann, Karl Simpson, The Evolving Epidemiology of Human Monkeypox: Questions Still to Be Answered, 2021.04.01, https://academic.oup.com/jid/article/223/11/1839/6237479?searchresult=1. the article adds further understanding to some of the research gaps identified in a June 2019 expert meeting on monkeypox: understanding of the zoonotic hosts, reservoirs, and vectors; identifying the risks associated with transmission; and better defining the natural history and clinical spectrum of infection, including an estimation of the prevalence of monkeypox-specific antibodies in humans.

198. Harry Ferguson, Sarah Pink, Laura Kelly, The Unheld Child: Social Work, Social Distancing and the Possibilities and Limits to Child Protection during the COVID-19 Pandemic, 2022.03.01, https://academic.oup.com/bjsw/article/52/4/2403/6550364?searchresult=1. The COVID-19 pandemic changed dramatically the ways social workers engaged with children and families. This article presents findings from our research into the effects of COVID-19 on social work and child protection in England during the first nine months of the pandemic. The article provides new understandings of child protection as embodied, multi-sensorial practices and the ways anxiety and experiences of bodily self-alienation limit practitioners’ capacities to think about and get close to children. Whilst social workers creatively improvised to achieve their goals, coronavirus and social distancing imposed limits to child protection that no amount of innovative practice could overcome in all cases.

197. Bishoy Louis Zaki, Francesco Nicoli, etc., Contagious inequality: economic disparities and excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic, 2022.03.01, https://academic.oup.com/policyandsociety/article/41/2/199/6550136?searchresult=1. In this article, we focus on exploring a territory that remains relatively unchartered on a large scale, namely the relationship between economic inequalities and excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic, using a dataset of 25 European countries spanning 300 regions. Our findings reveal two pathways by which economic asymmetries and inequalities can observably influence excess mortality: labor market structures (capturing concentrations of industrial jobs) and income inequalities (capturing concentrations and asymmetries in income distribution). We leverage our findings to offer recommendations for policymakers toward a more deliberate consideration of the multidimensionality of technically complex, large-scale crises with a high degree of societal embeddedness.

196. Veronica Q T Li, Liang Ma, Xun Wu, COVID-19, policy change, and post-pandemic data governance: a case analysis of contact tracing applications in East Asia, 2022.02.01, https://academic.oup.com/policyandsociety/article/41/1/01/6513795?searchresult=1. The development and use of data tools for pandemic control, for example, may have potentially detrimental and irreversible impacts on data governance and, more broadly, society, in the long run. In this paper, we aim to explore the extent to which COVID-19 and digital contact tracing have led to policy change in data governance, if at all, and what the implications of such change would be for a post-COVID world. We compare the use of contact tracing and monitoring applications across mainland China, Hong Kong, and Singapore to illustrate both the enormous benefits and potential risks arising from the design of contact tracing applications and the involvement of stakeholders in the various stages of the policy cycle to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. We argue that, while COVID-19 has not changed the nature of issues, such as public trust in data governance, the increasing involvement of big tech in data policies, and data privacy risks, it has exacerbated those issues through the accelerated adoption of data technologies.

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