9. Ryan Goodman & Danielle Schulkin, Timeline of the Coronavirus Pandemic and U.S. Response, 2020.05.07, https://www.justsecurity.org/69650/timeline-of-the-coronavirus-pandemic-and-u-s-response/ . This paper says: “What follows is a comprehensive timeline of major U.S. policy events related to the novel coronavirus pandemic. We’ve focused on the U.S. government’s preparation for a pandemic, tracking warning signals of COVID-19, and public and internal responses when the outbreak hit inside the United States.”

8. ICRC, IHL Rules on Humanitarian Access and Covid-19, 2020.04.08, https://www.icrc.org/en/download/file/117870/ihl_humanitarian_access_and_covid-19.pdf . This document provides an overview of the IHL rules on humanitarian access and COVID-19, and clarifies the measures taken by States to tackle the Covid-19 pandemic do not exist in a legal void and must be consistent with all applicable rules of international law, including IHL.

7. Kubo Mačák, TilmanRodenhäuser & Laurent Gisel, Cyber attacks against hospitals and the COVID-19 pandemic: How strong are international law protections? 2020.04.02, https://blogs.icrc.org/law-and-policy/2020/04/02/cyber-attacks-hospitals-covid-19/ . This paper examines the existing rules protecting the health-care sector against cyber attacks, and proposes a new norm against cyber attacks on medical facilities and services.

6. CordulaDroege, COVID-19 Response in Conflict Zones Hinges on Respect for International Humanitarian Law, 2020.04.16, https://blogs.icrc.org/law-and-policy/2020/04/16/covid-19-response-respect-international-humanitarian-law/?mc_phishing_protection_id=28048-bs1dc6n0s0vb3164lle0 . This article clarifies the key provisions of international humanitarian law, relevant to the COVID-19 pandemic in conflict situations, that must be fully respected when a pandemic hits countries at war.

5. Xinhua, Reality check of Australian allegations against China, 2020.07.12, https://xhnewsapi.zhongguowangshi.com/share/news?id=455964160794624&showType=3002&clientMarket=huawei . This article clarify that China is a victim of disinformation, not a disseminator. Lies evaporate in the light of truth. It is time to let facts speak for themselves.

5. Dapo Akande, Antonio Coco, Talita de Souza Dias, etc., The Second Oxford Statement on International Law Protections of the Healthcare Sector During COVID-19: Safeguarding Vaccine Research, 2020.08.11, https://www.ejiltalk.org/the-second-oxford-statement-on-international-law-protections-of-the-healthcare-sector-during-covid-19-safeguarding-vaccine-research/ . The Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict hosted a second virtual workshop on July 31, 2020, again co-sponsored with Microsoft and the Government of Japan, to hear from vaccine researchers and information security experts about the special challenges of protecting vaccine research from cyber-intrusion. The workshop clarified both the cyber protections needed by vaccine research, and how international law applies to the protection of the development, testing, manufacture, and distribution of a COVID-19 vaccine.

4. Wade Davis, The Unraveling of America, 2020.08.06, https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/political-commentary/covid-19-end-of-american-era-wade-davis-1038206/?from=timeline . Anthropologist Wade Davis on how COVID-19 signals the end of the American era.

3. the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, the American Public Health Association, Tracking COVID-19 in the United States From Information Catastrophe to Empowered Communities, 2020.07.21, https://preventepidemics.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Tracking-COVID-19-in-the-United-States-Report.pdf . Leading US health organisations produced a checklist of 15 essential data points in the fight against Covid-19. The report painted a bleak picture of the country’s response to the disease. Five months into the pandemic, the essential intelligence that would allow public health authorities to get to grips with the virus is still not being compiled in usable form.

2. Huang Huikang, No Justification for Stigmatizing China on COVID-19, 2020 summer, http://www.cpifa.org/en/cms/item/view?table=book&id=310&from=singlemessage . Huang Huikang published an article in foreign affairs journal, holding that It is an evil act to stigmatize China on COVID-19. The compensation lawsuits against China are groundless and violation of international law. They are also not conducive to the overall situation of international cooperation in fighting against COVID-19.

1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Detection and Genetic Characterization of Community-Based SARS-CoV-2 Infections — New York City, March 2020, 2020.07.17, https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6928a5.htm . This report indicates the majority of coronavirus cases within New York originate from Europe rather than China. No sentinel sequences were directly connected to sequences from Wuhan, China, where the outbreak originated.

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