79. Sara Tedeschi, Lorenzo Badia, etc., Effective containment of a COVID-19 sub-regional outbreak in Italy, through strict quarantine and rearrangement of local healthcare services, 2021.01.19, https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofab024 . This study describes a sub-regional outbreak of COVID-19 occurred in Emilia Romagna Region, Italy, and the intervention undertaken to successfully control it and concludes that it has been possible to control a COVID-19 outbreak by prompt recognition and implementation of a targeted local intervention.

78. Sander L Gilman, Placing the Blame for Covid-19 in and on Ultra-Orthodox Communities, 2020.12.30, https://doi.org/10.1093/mj/kjaa021 . This article mentions a number of historical and sociological problems associated with blaming collectives for the origin or transmission of infectious disease during COVID-19. The default example of the false accusation has been the case of the fourteenth century charge of well poisoning against the Jews of Western Europe causing the pandemic of the Black Death. Yet querying group actions in times of pandemics is not solely one of rebutting false attributions. What happens when a collective is at fault and how does the collective respond to the simultaneous burden of both false, stereotypical accusations and appropriate charges of culpability? The case study here is of Haredi communities and the 2020 outbreak of COVID-19.

77. Matthew J Carr, Sarah Steeg, etc., Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on primary care-recorded mental illness and self-harm episodes in the UK: a population-based cohort study, 2021.01.11, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30288-7 . This study finds that consequences of the considerable reductions in primary care-recorded mental illness and self-harm could include more patients subsequently presenting with greater severity of mental illness and increasing incidence of non-fatal self-harm and suicide. Addressing the effects of future lockdowns and longer-term impacts of economic instability on mental health should be prioritised.

76. Rishi K Gupta, Prof Ewen M Harrison, etc., Development and validation of the ISARIC 4C Deterioration model for adults hospitalised with COVID-19: a prospective cohort study, 2021.01.11, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30559-2 . This study finds that the 4C Deterioration model has strong potential for clinical utility and generalisability to predict clinical deterioration and inform decision making among adults hospitalised with COVID-19.

75. Chaolin Huang, Lixue Huang, etc., 6-month consequences of COVID-19 in patients discharged from hospital: a cohort study, 2021.01.08, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32656-8 . This paper finds that at 6 months after acute infection, COVID-19 survivors were mainly troubled with fatigue or muscle weakness, sleep difficulties, and anxiety or depression. Patients who were more severely ill during their hospital stay had more severe impaired pulmonary diffusion capacities and abnormal chest imaging manifestations, and are the main target population for intervention of long-term recovery.

74. Roy M Anderson, Carolin Vegvari, etc., Challenges in creating herd immunity to SARS-CoV-2 infection by mass vaccination, 2020.11.04, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32318-7 . This article elucidates challenges of persuading governments and populations to use COVID-19 vaccines effectively to create herd immunity to protect all over the coming year.

73. Stuart Leske, Kairi Kõlves, etc., Real-time suicide mortality data from police reports in Queensland, Australia, during theCOVID-19 pandemic: an interrupted time-series analysis, 2020.11.16, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30435-1 . This study shows that there does not yet appear to be an overall change in the suspected suicide rate in the 7 months since Queensland declared a public heal the mergency. Despite this, COVID-19 has contributed to some suspected suicides in Queensland. Ongoing community spread and increasing death rates of COVID-19, and its impact on national economies and mental health, reinforces the need for governments to maintain the monitoring and reporting of suicide mortality in realtime.

72. Deepti Gurdasani, Laura Bear, etc., The UK needs a sustainable strategy for COVID-19, 2020.11.09, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32350-3 . Authors believe that to avoid repeated lockdowns and their impacts, the British government need a sustainable COVID-19 public health strategy and make seven evidence-based recommendations.

71. Borame L Dickens, Joel R Koo, etc., Institutional, not home-based, isolation could contain the COVID-19 outbreak, 2020.04.29, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31016-3 . Researchers modelled and compared two types of isolation measures: institution-based isolation and home-based isolation and the results show the need for institution-based isolation to reduce household and community transmission.

70. Amrita Bahri, Women at the frontline of COVID-19: Can Gender Mainstreaming in Free Trade Agreements Help? 2020.09.10, https://doi.org/10.1093/jiel/jgaa023 . This article outlines five main reasons that explain why this health pandemic has put women employees, entrepreneurs, and consumers at the frontline of the struggle. It then explores how free trade agreements can contribute in repairing the harm in the post-pandemic world. In doing so, the author sheds light on various ways in which the existing trade agreements embrace gender equality considerations and how they can be better prepared to help minimize the pandemic-inflicted economic loss to women.

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