452. Nan Xiang, Yu-Jing Li, Meng-Yao Liu, etc., Antibody responses following the surge of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron infection among patients with systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases, 2023.07.24, https://doi.org/10.1093/rap/rkad064 . This article found that patients with SARDs had a lower antibody response than healthy controls after Omicron infection.

451. Sarah A Goldberg, Scott Lu, Miguel Garcia-Knight, etc., Viral determinants of acute COVID-19 symptoms in a non-hospitalized adult population in the pre-Omicron era, 2023.07.24, https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofad396 . This article found evidence to support the association of viral RNA load and infectious virus on some, but not all symptoms. Fever was most strongly associated with the presence of infectious virus; this may support the potential for symptom-based isolation guidance for COVID-19.

450. Chiara Pozzi, Riccardo Sarti, Riccardo Levi, etc., Association between duration of SARS-CoV-2 positivity and long COVID, 2023.07.22, https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciad434 . This article found that the likelihood of developing long COVID in infected individuals rises with the increasing of duration of infection and that three doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine are protective, even during the Omicron wave.

449. Sarah Pedersen, Natascha Mueller-Hirth, Leia Miller, Partnerships between police and GBV service providers in remote, rural, and island communities in northern Scotland before and during COVID-19, 2023.07.28, https://doi.org/10.1093/police/paad045 . This article found a lack of training for officers with no specific GBV role as particularly problematic during the pandemic when officers on the ground in rural and remote Scotland had to take over work usually undertaken by specialist task forces.

448. Syed M Satter, Zarin Abdullah, Farzana Fariha, etc., Epidemiology and risk factors of norovirus infections among diarrhea patients admitted to tertiary care hospitals in Bangladesh, 2023.07.28, https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiad274 . This essay highlights the burden of norovirus infection in hospital settings. Young age and recent exposure to an AGE patient were risk factors for norovirus.

447. Zhengfang Hu, Kui Liu, Meng Zhou, etc., Mass tuberculosis screening among the elderly: A population-based study in a well-confined rural county in eastern China, 2023.07.28, https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciad438 . This article found that, in a population-based, mass tuberculosis screening intervention encompassing over 30% of the elderly population in rural China, case finding was 44% higher than background detection, driven by diagnosis of asymptomatic tuberculosis. Importantly, mass screening identified tuberculosis in people with limited healthcare options that were less likely to be found through background detection.

446. Catrina Mugglin, Kalongo Hamusonde, Luisa Salazar-Vizcaya, etc., Sexual behaviour and STI incidence in sexually active MSM living with HIV in times of COVID-19, 2023.07.27, https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofad399 . This article found the COVID-19 pandemic had limited impact on the prevalence of attending private sex parties, traveling for sex within Switzerland, and practicing chemsex in men with HIV who have sex with men.

445. Runzhou Yu, Syed Muhammad Umer Abdullah, Yanni Sun, HMMPolish: a coding region polishing tool for TGS-sequenced RNA viruses, 2023.07.21, https://doi.org/10.1093/bib/bbad264 . This article introduced a novel pipeline, HMMPolish, for correcting (polishing) errors in protein-coding regions of known RNA viruses.

444. Julia Granerod, Yun Huang, Nicholas W S Davies, etc., Global Landscape of Encephalitis: Key Priorities to Reduce Future Disease Burden, 2023.07.12, https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciad417 . This article provides a narrative review of key aspects of diagnosis, surveillance, treatment, and prevention of encephalitis and highlight priorities for public health, clinical management, and research, to reduce the disease burden.

443. Maddalena Peghin, Maria De Martino, Alvisa Palese, etc., Post COVID-19 syndrome 2 years following the first wave: the role of humoral response, vaccination and reinfection, 2023.07.13, https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofad364 . This article described long term evolution of post-COVID-19 syndrome over 2 years after the onset of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus type 2 (CoV-2) in survivors of the first wave.

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