83. Andrés Losada-Baltar, José Ángel Martínez-Huertas, etc., Longitudinal correlates of loneliness and psychological distress during the lockdown situation due to COVID-19 Effects of age and self-perceptions of aging, 2021.01.13, https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbab012 . This study finds that in a stressful situation such as the COVID-19 pandemic, older adults may be more resilient to adverse mental health outcomes by using more adaptive resources that strengthen their resilience. Support is provided for the importance of stereotyped views of the aging process that, independently of chronological age, may put people at risk of suffering adverse mental health outcomes such as loneliness and psychological distress in times of crisis.

82. Hirad Abtahi, The International Criminal Court during the COVID-19 Pandemic, 2020.12.21, https://doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqaa058 . This article illustrates the measures taken by the International Criminal Court (ICC) to ensure the continuation of its activities since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization and by adapting itself to the evolving nature of COVID-19 — and reactions to the virus — the ICC will ensure that it remains resilient in the face of this unprecedented global sanitary crisis.

81. Feng Jiang, Chuanyu Xie, Roles of Chinese Police Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic, 2020.12.28, https://doi.org/10.1093/police/paaa071, . This article provides an overview of frontier issues of policing in China by examining the roles of police during the pandemic. It starts with a short introduction to the challenges and overall performance of China in keeping social order in the context of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Then, it outlines four major missions the Chinese police have pursued, each with a sketch of what has been done and how law enforcement officials have managed to achieve their goals. It follows with a further insight into their strategies in social control in connection with the latest reforms on policing. Finally, it concludes briefly with features of Chinese policing.

80. Ş Esra Kiraz, Esra Yıldız Üstün, COVID-19 and force majeure clauses: an examination of arbitral tribunal’s awards, 2020.12.29, https://doi.org/10.1093/ulr/unaa027 . This article aims to reveal how COVID-19 will be assessed in terms of force majeure and the possible attitudes of arbitral tribunals towards these cases. This assessment is undertaken in light of force majeure clauses laid under the Convention on Contracts for the International Sales of Goods, the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, and the International Chamber of Commerce’s 2020 Force Majeure Clause.

79. Sara Tedeschi, Lorenzo Badia, etc., Effective containment of a COVID-19 sub-regional outbreak in Italy, through strict quarantine and rearrangement of local healthcare services, 2021.01.19, https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofab024 . This study describes a sub-regional outbreak of COVID-19 occurred in Emilia Romagna Region, Italy, and the intervention undertaken to successfully control it and concludes that it has been possible to control a COVID-19 outbreak by prompt recognition and implementation of a targeted local intervention.

78. Sander L Gilman, Placing the Blame for Covid-19 in and on Ultra-Orthodox Communities, 2020.12.30, https://doi.org/10.1093/mj/kjaa021 . This article mentions a number of historical and sociological problems associated with blaming collectives for the origin or transmission of infectious disease during COVID-19. The default example of the false accusation has been the case of the fourteenth century charge of well poisoning against the Jews of Western Europe causing the pandemic of the Black Death. Yet querying group actions in times of pandemics is not solely one of rebutting false attributions. What happens when a collective is at fault and how does the collective respond to the simultaneous burden of both false, stereotypical accusations and appropriate charges of culpability? The case study here is of Haredi communities and the 2020 outbreak of COVID-19.

77. Matthew J Carr, Sarah Steeg, etc., Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on primary care-recorded mental illness and self-harm episodes in the UK: a population-based cohort study, 2021.01.11, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30288-7 . This study finds that consequences of the considerable reductions in primary care-recorded mental illness and self-harm could include more patients subsequently presenting with greater severity of mental illness and increasing incidence of non-fatal self-harm and suicide. Addressing the effects of future lockdowns and longer-term impacts of economic instability on mental health should be prioritised.

76. Rishi K Gupta, Prof Ewen M Harrison, etc., Development and validation of the ISARIC 4C Deterioration model for adults hospitalised with COVID-19: a prospective cohort study, 2021.01.11, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30559-2 . This study finds that the 4C Deterioration model has strong potential for clinical utility and generalisability to predict clinical deterioration and inform decision making among adults hospitalised with COVID-19.

75. Chaolin Huang, Lixue Huang, etc., 6-month consequences of COVID-19 in patients discharged from hospital: a cohort study, 2021.01.08, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32656-8 . This paper finds that at 6 months after acute infection, COVID-19 survivors were mainly troubled with fatigue or muscle weakness, sleep difficulties, and anxiety or depression. Patients who were more severely ill during their hospital stay had more severe impaired pulmonary diffusion capacities and abnormal chest imaging manifestations, and are the main target population for intervention of long-term recovery.

74. Roy M Anderson, Carolin Vegvari, etc., Challenges in creating herd immunity to SARS-CoV-2 infection by mass vaccination, 2020.11.04, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32318-7 . This article elucidates challenges of persuading governments and populations to use COVID-19 vaccines effectively to create herd immunity to protect all over the coming year.

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