89. Audrey Lebret, COVID-19 pandemic and derogation to human rights, 2020.5.4, https://academic.oup.com/jlb/article/7/1/lsaa015/5828398 . Under international human rights law, States can limit the exercise of most human rights if it is necessary to protect the rights of others or collective interests. The exceptional circumstances brought by the COVID-19 global pandemic lead to more extensive restrictions of human rights than in usual times. This article introduces the States’ specific right to derogate to human rights in circumstances of public emergency and the conditions of a legitimate derogation in the context of COVID-19. It argues that States must ensure that the general measures they adopt to face the crisis do not disproportionally harm vulnerable people.

88. Julian A. Hettihewa and Anna Holzscheiter,, Reclaiming the Voice of Youth: Pandemic Politics and Law and the Invisibility of Youth, 2020.12.3, https://www.ejiltalk.org/reclaiming-the-voice-of-youth-pandemic-politics-and-law-and-the-invisibility-of-youth/ . This blog post argues that there is an acute need to recognize the agency and creative will of young people in the context of political, legal, economic and societal responses to the pandemic. Recognizing both young people’s affection and their agency requires international law – as practice and as a scholarly discipline – to take into account the perspectives and experiences of young people in a systematic manner. And not only this: international law should actively advocate and defend the right to meaningful representation and participation of young people in pandemic politics and law, nationally and internationally.

87. Janine Natalya Clark, The COVID-19 Pandemic and Ecological Connectivity: Implications for International Criminal Law and Transitional Justice, 2020.12.21, https://academic.oup.com/jicj/advance-article/doi/10.1093/jicj/mqaa057/6042607?searchresult=1 . This interdisciplinary article reflects on the significance of the pandemic through a focus on the key concept of ecological connectivity. Examining the pandemic through the lens of ecological connectivity, the article also theorizes it (and zoonotic diseases more generally) as a violation of this connectivity. Its key argument is that war crimes and human rights violations can themselves be viewed, in part, as violations of ecological connectivity. This theorization, in turn, provides a novel basis for thinking about the wider ecological dimensions and legacies of war crimes and gross violations of human rights, and, by extension, the potential role of international criminal law and transitional justice in helping to restore damaged connectivities through a relational approach to justice.

86. Nicolas Paleiron, Aurélie Mayet, etc., Impact of Tobacco Smoking on the risk of COVID-19.A large scale retrospective cohort study, 2021.01.09, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntab004 . The group investigated the association between smoking and COVID-19 during an outbreak of the disease on a naval vessel and found that further research on nicotine physiological pathway was needed and its impact on COVID-19 infection whilst emphasizing that tobacco smoking should not be considered as an efficient protection against COVID-19.

85. Eun Young Choi, Mateo P Farina, etc., COVID-19 Social Distancing Measures and Loneliness Among Older Adults, 2021.01.11, https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbab009 . This study investigates (1) whether social distancing measures, particularly limiting close social interactions, are associated with loneliness among older adults, and (2) whether the association between social distancing measures and loneliness is moderated by sociodemographic characteristics. The study suggests that efforts should be made to help older adults maintain social connectedness with close others by virtual communication methods and calls special attention to vulnerable groups at elevated risks of loneliness, emphasizing the need for tailored interventions.

84. Miriam Verhage, Lucia Thielman, etc., Coping of Older Adults in Times of Covid-19: Considerations of Temporality Among Dutch Older Adults, 2021.01.10, https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbab008 . This study explore how Dutch older adults view COVID-19 pandemic and cope with measures to contribute to our understanding of coping of older adults in general and during disaster situations more specifically. Their findings stress the importance of acknowledging heterogeneity among older adults and adjusting communication about mitigation measures to decrease insecurity and increase resonance. This may make COVID-19 mitigation measures more manageable and age-responsible and allow older adults to start living again.

83. Andrés Losada-Baltar, José Ángel Martínez-Huertas, etc., Longitudinal correlates of loneliness and psychological distress during the lockdown situation due to COVID-19 Effects of age and self-perceptions of aging, 2021.01.13, https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbab012 . This study finds that in a stressful situation such as the COVID-19 pandemic, older adults may be more resilient to adverse mental health outcomes by using more adaptive resources that strengthen their resilience. Support is provided for the importance of stereotyped views of the aging process that, independently of chronological age, may put people at risk of suffering adverse mental health outcomes such as loneliness and psychological distress in times of crisis.

82. Hirad Abtahi, The International Criminal Court during the COVID-19 Pandemic, 2020.12.21, https://doi.org/10.1093/jicj/mqaa058 . This article illustrates the measures taken by the International Criminal Court (ICC) to ensure the continuation of its activities since COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization and by adapting itself to the evolving nature of COVID-19 — and reactions to the virus — the ICC will ensure that it remains resilient in the face of this unprecedented global sanitary crisis.

81. Feng Jiang, Chuanyu Xie, Roles of Chinese Police Amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic, 2020.12.28, https://doi.org/10.1093/police/paaa071, . This article provides an overview of frontier issues of policing in China by examining the roles of police during the pandemic. It starts with a short introduction to the challenges and overall performance of China in keeping social order in the context of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Then, it outlines four major missions the Chinese police have pursued, each with a sketch of what has been done and how law enforcement officials have managed to achieve their goals. It follows with a further insight into their strategies in social control in connection with the latest reforms on policing. Finally, it concludes briefly with features of Chinese policing.

80. Ş Esra Kiraz, Esra Yıldız Üstün, COVID-19 and force majeure clauses: an examination of arbitral tribunal’s awards, 2020.12.29, https://doi.org/10.1093/ulr/unaa027 . This article aims to reveal how COVID-19 will be assessed in terms of force majeure and the possible attitudes of arbitral tribunals towards these cases. This assessment is undertaken in light of force majeure clauses laid under the Convention on Contracts for the International Sales of Goods, the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts, and the International Chamber of Commerce’s 2020 Force Majeure Clause.

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