127. Jeff Clyde G Corpuz, Building vaccine confidence through public participation, 2021.05.21, https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdab171 . This article raises awareness that vaccine hesitancy could undermine the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccination programs. This article proposes the idea of public participation: dialog-based approach, incentive-based (non-financial) approach and reminder-recall approach based on the World Health Organization guidelines.

126. Sacha Alanoca, Nicolas Guetta-Jeanrenaud, etc., Digital contact tracing against COVID-19: a governance framework to build trust, 2021.05.05, https://doi.org/10.1093/idpl/ipab001 . This article points out that in order to deal with concerns raised over the adoption of digital contact tracing applications, there is a pressing need to co-design governance mechanisms that capture the health benefits of contact tracing applications while mitigating their potential risks and adverse effects. The article finds that the widespread adoption and efficacy of contact tracing applications is reliant on public trust and social acceptability, further reinforcing the need for ethical and legal frameworks governing their development.

125. Sarah Matheson AM, Artemis Kirkinis, Compulsory licence and Crown use provisions in the Covid-19 pandemic—the Australian perspective, 2021.05.03, https://doi.org/10.1093/jiplp/jpab070 . This article contends that, at least in relation to the Australian context, neither the compulsory licence nor the Crown use regimes ultimately provide the optimal measure to ensure supply of vaccines or treatments in this pandemic. Rather, the current collaborative approach is more effective to achieve this objective. In light of these considerations, this article concludes that the primary utility of the compulsory licence and Crown use provisions is not their deployment but their potential to drive collaboration.

124. Nicolo Banks, Competition policy during pandemics: how to urgently produce healthcare goods and services while avoiding economic disaster, 2021.05.19, https://doi.org/10.1093/jaenfo/jnab005 . The author points out that during a pandemic, the federal government should relax antitrust laws, but that relaxation could exacerbate the inevitable economic downturn caused by social distancing policies. Accordingly, the author suggests how the US government could use non-antitrust regulations to mitigate the systemic financial risk created by that relaxation in antitrust laws.

123. Andrew G Letizia, Yongchao Ge, etc., SARS-CoV-2 seropositivity and subsequent infection risk in healthy young adults: a prospective cohort study, 2021.04.15, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(21)00158-2 . This study shows that seropositive young adults had about one-fifth the risk of subsequent infection compared with seronegative individuals. Although antibodies induced by initial infection are largely protective, they do not guarantee effective SARS-CoV-2 neutralisation activity or immunity against subsequent infection. These findings might be relevant for optimisation of mass vaccination strategies.

122. Cristina Menni, Kerstin Klaser, etc., Vaccine side-effects and SARS-CoV-2 infection after vaccination in users of the COVID Symptom Study app in the UK: a prospective observational study, 2021.04.27, https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(21)00224-3 . This study finds that systemic and local side-effects after BNT162b2 and ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccination occur at frequencies lower than reported in phase 3 trials. Both vaccines decrease the risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection after 12 days.

121. Stacy A Gherardi, COVID-19 and the Limits of Educationalizing Social Problems, 2021.04.16, https://doi.org/10.1093/cs/cdab003 . The author points outs that the response to student needs that stem from the inadequate and inequitable sociopolitical environment outside of schools has persistently been among the central challenges facing U.S. public education historically and will be more so as the U.S. recover from the pandemic. The author notes that this response is nearly impossible to address within the education system alone and schools are 'ill-equipped for such a mission'.

120. Matthew Maycock, ‘Covid-19 has caused a dramatic change to prison life’. Analysing the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on the pains of imprisonment in the Scottish Prison Estate, 2021.04.19, https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azab031 . This paper provides insights into the impact of COVID-19 in the Scottish Prison Estate.

119. Trenton M White, Lucinda Cash-Gibson, etc., COVID-SCORE Spain: Public perceptions of key government COVID-19 control measures, 2021.04.19, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckab066 . This study finds that public perception of the government’s pandemic response in Spain varied by socio-demographic and individual variables, particularly by reported trust in the government. Fostering public trust during health threats may improve perception of response efforts. Future efforts should tailor interventions that consider gender, education level, and whether people have been affected by COVID-19.

118. Alessandro De Matteis, Fethiye B Turkmen Ceylan, etc., The contribution of testing in the fight against COVID-19: Evidence from Italy, 2021.04.20, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckab064 . This study finds that a large-scale testing policy is recommended as a critical contribution to effectively contain the epidemic. In addition, it is highly recommended to set up all necessary measures to enable the quick scale-up of testing capacity whenever required.

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