Kasper P Kepp, Jonas Björk, etc.,
Estimates of excess mortality for the five Nordic countries during the COVID-19 pandemic 2020−2021, 2022.11.04,
Excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic is of major scientific and political interest. Excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic is of major scientific and political interest. We show using back-calculation of expected deaths from Nordic all-cause deaths that the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation model is a clear outlier in the compared estimates and likely substantially overestimates excess mortality of Finland and Denmark, and probably Sweden.
Neftali Eduardo Antonio-Villa, Omar Yaxmehen Bello-Chavolla, etc.,
Socio-demographic inequalities and excess non-COVID-19 mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic: a data-driven analysis of 1 069 174 death certificates in Mexico, 2022.09.29,
Socio-demographic inequalities and excess non-COVID-19 mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic: a data-driven analysis of 1 069 174 death certificates in Mexico. Socio-demographic inequalities and excess non-COVID-19 mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic: a data-driven analysis of 1 069 174 death certificates in Mexico. Non-COVID-19 causes of death, largely chronic cardiometabolic conditions, comprised up to one-fifth of excess deaths in Mexico during 2020.
Jessie Zeng, Joshua Szanyi, etc.,
Effectiveness of fourth dose of COVID-19 vaccine against the Omicron variant compared with no vaccination, 2022.12.16,
Waning COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness (VE) and the capacity of the Omicron SARS-CoV-2 variant to evade pre-existing immunity have been major impediments to COVID-19 control efforts worldwide. In response, several countries have rolled out fourth-dose COVID-19 vaccination programmes. We find that a fourth dose of the BNT162b2 vaccine appears to restore, if not boost even more, the protection conferred by a third dose at an equivalent time post-vaccination.
Alexandros Mitropoulos, Simon Goodwill, etc.,
The relationship between physical activity and severity of COVID-19 symptoms in non-hospitalized individuals, 2022.07.22,
Our findings did not present an association between PA levels and mild-to-moderate COVID-19 symptoms. However, all participants exceeded the lower limit of the World Health Organization recommended, adult PA dose. This might explain the lack of PA effect, on mild-to-moderate symptoms post-COVID-19 infection.
Thara Rangaswamy, Sandeep Grover, etc.,
How Did the Mental Health Care System in India Respond to COVID 19 Pandemic?, 2022.10.18,
This paper examines the various strategies in response to COVID-19 adopted by the Government of India, the health departments of the individual states, and other private players such as on-government organizations and the civil society. Based on our experience with COVID-19, we urge a strong call for action, in terms of strengthening the primary care facilities and increasing the manpower resources to deliver mental health care.
Sandra Rajme-López, Bernardo A Martinez-Guerra, etc.,
Early Outpatient Treatment With Remdesivir in Patients at High Risk for Severe COVID-19: A Prospective Cohort Study, 2022.10.06,
Early outpatient treatment with remdesivir significantly reduces hospitalization or death by 84% in high-risk, majority immunosuppressed patients with Omicron variant COVID-19.
M Premikha, Calvin J Chiew, etc.,
Comparative Effectiveness of mRNA and Inactivated Whole-Virus Vaccines Against Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection and Severe Disease in Singapore, 2022.06.06,
Compared with individuals vaccinated with Pfizer-BioNTech/Comirnaty, recipients of Sinovac-CoronaVac and Sinopharm were 2.37 (95% CI, 2.29–2.46) and 1.62 (95% CI, 1.43–1.85) times more likely to be infected with coronavirus disease 19, respectively, while individuals vaccinated with Moderna were 0.42 (95% CI, 0.25–0.70) times less likely to develop severe disease.
Brittany Rife Magalis, Shannan Rich, etc.,
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 Delta Vaccine Breakthrough Transmissibility in Alachua County, Florida, 2022.11.01,
Delta infection transmissibility and general viral RNA quantification patterns in vaccinated individuals suggest limited levels of sterilizing immunity that need to be considered by public health policies. In particular, ongoing evaluation of vaccine boosters should specifically address whether extra vaccine doses curb breakthrough contribution to epidemic spread.
Kyla Tozer, Calvin P Sjaarda, etc.,
Comparison of SARS-CoV-2 viral loads in the nasal mucosa of patients infected with BA.1, BA.2 or BA.5 Omicron lineages, 2022.10.22,
Lower viral loads were observed in the upper respiratory tract of patients infected with the BA.1 whereas patients infected with BA.2 and BA.5 had comparable viral loads to those seen with Alpha or Delta. This suggests viral loads are not likely responsible for the increased transmission of the Omicron lineages.
Thomas F Crossley, Paul Fisher, etc.,
A year of COVID: the evolution of labour market and financial inequalities through the crisis, 2022.10.28,
We use high-quality UK panel data to document the extent that pre-existing labour market and financial inequalities were exacerbated by the pandemic between April 2020 and September 2021. Some inequalities worsened, others did not, and in some cases, initial widening of labour market inequalities was subsequently reversed. We find no evidence of an overall divergence in labour market outcomes by gender.
Beijing Interest Group on Global Health and Global Governance