113. Kabir Duggal, Rekha Rangachari, Kanika Gupta, Consequences of crisis and the great re-think: COVID-19’s impact on energy investment, sustainability and the future of international investment agreements, 2021.04.10, https://doi.org/10.1093/jwelb/jwab015 . This article seeks to understand the pandemic’s impact in shaping future human rights policy in international investment law and considers the future of potential reforms in the post-COVID recovery agenda while keeping in mind energy and climate goals.

112. Thiago Guimarães Moraes, etc., Open data on the COVID-19 pandemic: anonymisation as a technical solution for transparency, privacy, and data protection, 2021.04.22, https://doi.org/10.1093/idpl/ipaa025 . This article aims to discuss transparency and privacy on COVID-19 public data and discuss how to implement transparent COVID-19 government databases while respecting data protection.

111. Charlotte M Roy, E Brennan Bollman, Laura M Carson, etc., Assessing the Indirect Effects of COVID-19 on Healthcare Delivery, Utilization, and Health Outcomes: A Scoping Review, March 2021, https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/advance-article/doi/10.1093/eurpub/ckab047/6182679?searchresult=1 . The COVID-19 pandemic and global efforts to contain its spread, such as stay-at-home orders and transportation shutdowns, have created new barriers to accessing healthcare, resulting in changes in service delivery and utilization globally. The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of the literature published thus far on the indirect health effects of COVID-19 and to explore the data sources and methodologies being used to assess indirect health effects.

110. Jaemin Lee, The Coronavirus Pandemic and International Investment Arbitration - Application of "Security Exceptions" Clauses in Investment Agreements, May 2020, https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/caaj13&id=187&collection=journals&index=# . The pandemic situation in 2020 raises the possibility of invoking national security exception clauses contained in recent investment agreements. Although it is still too early to judge, recent jurisprudence indicates that a bona fide measures to counter COVID-19 may constitute an instance to invoke security exceptions. At the same time, current security exception are not detailed enough to deal with new types of state emergencies such as pandemics. Nor have there been sufficient discussion to clarify and fine-tune the clauses. Keen attention have been paid to national security exceptions even before the pandemic is now signaling that the provision is now likely to be invoked more actively and robustly in investment context. Existing and future investment agreement need to revisit this provision to ensure it does not become a source of conflict or a carte blanche for treaty violations.

109. Hsien Wu, WTO Dispute Settlements in the Wake of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Exploring the Possible Benefits and Limits of Contemporary Mechanisms, May 2020, https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/caaj13&id=293&collection=journals&index=# . COVID-19 is a newly discovered disease that has now become a global emergency, not just threatening the life and health of many, but also have the significant impact on the WTO legal order due to the response measures enacted by WTO member states. However, many government do not seem to consider the WTO dispute settlement system as a viable forum for resolving dispute due to the new challenges posed by this epidemic. Based on the design of dispute settlement system as seen today, this Article identifies a series of factors, including two benefits that this system can provide and four issues that may undermine the system’s effectiveness. This Article hopes to provide guidance to WTO members on whether to present a dispute to the WTO.

108. Julien Chaisse, Both Possible and Improbable - Could COVID-19 Measures Give Rise to Investor-State Disputes?, May 2020, https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/caaj13&id=101&collection=journals&index=# . This article explores the role of investment law and investment arbitration in and after COVID-19 in the context of transnational health policy. This article discusses a technical problem(COVID-19 measures can give rise to investor-state disputes) and explains why most of these claims will not be successful( most COVID-19 measures are covered by defenses). Through a comprehensive survey of measures of 50 jurisdictions, this Article shows that most of these measures are in line with the World Health Organization Regulation. Furthermore, these domestic measures can be subject to a number of international law exceptions, allowing States to justify the potential violations. Nevertheless, this Article identifies a minority of measures that may have the potential to lead to successful claims. Paradoxically, the most problematic measures(such as taxation measures and sovereign debt increase) only indirectly address the pandemic.

107. Pierre H. Bergeron, COVID-19, Zoom, and Appellate Oral Argument: Is the Future Virtual?,Winter 2021, https://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?collection=journals&handle=hein.journals/jappp21&id=198&men_tab=srchresults# . This article focuses on COVID-19’s impact on oral argument. In Part I, it reviews the appellate practice backdrop where oral arguments have been on the decline over the last number of years. Parts II examines the effects of COVID-19 on oral arguments in the appellate room. By exploring writer’s own experience, it concludes that judges and lawyers alike need to learn to appreciate the importance and impact of oral argument on appellate decision making and should incorporate the practice of virtual platforms such as Zoom in an appellate court’s repertorie.

106. Isabel Bramsen, Anine Hagemann, The missing sense of peace: diplomatic approachment and virtualization during the COVID-19 lockdown, 2021.3.8, https://academic.oup.com/ia/article/97/2/539/6137451?searchresult=1 . With the unprecedented COVID-19 lockdown in 2020, many peace diplomatic efforts turned virtual. Based on interviews with parties and mediators involved in the Syrian and Yemeni peace processes, this article analyzes the affordances of virtual and physical meetings respectively. It finds that virtual meetings condition peace diplomacy by broadening accessibility, putting confidentiality at risk, allowing for higher frequency of meetings, often disrupting interaction, but also in some instances equalizing it. The transition to virtual meetingsalso demonstrated what is lost in the absence of physicality: bodily presence, spending longer periods of time together, the possibility of reconciliatory interaction and sharing informal space. Finally, it suggests strategies in virtual diplomacy and discuss how virtual and physical diplomacy may supplement each other.

105. Thana C De Campos-Rudinsky, Intellectual property and essential medicines in the COVID-19 pandemic, 2021.3.1, https://academic.oup.com/ia/article/97/2/523/6130201?searchresult=1 . Global justice theorists have widely discussed how the international intellectual property rights regime (i.e., the TRIPs regime of the WTO) makes it more difficult to achieve the goal of universal access to generic vital COVID-19 treatments. This article argues that while patents can impose certain barriers to universal access to generic COVID-19 treatments, the TRIPs regime itself is an integral part of an equitable global solution to the pandemic. More specifically, it argues that article 31bis of the TRIPs, in allowing for a cooperation strategy predicated on complementary importing and exporting of vital COVID-19 generic treatments, is key for successful pandemic suppression.

104. Mengliang Dai, Yiwei Xia, Rongxu Han, The Impact of Lockdown on Police Service Calls During the COVID-19 Pandemic in China, 2021.2.19, https://academic.oup.com/policing/advance-article/doi/10.1093/police/paab007/6144797?searchresult=1 . Drawing on the data from a county-level city in Hubei province, this study examines changes in the quantity and nature of 110 service calls before, during, and after the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown. The results indicate that the average weekly call numbers before and after the lockdown were higher than during the lockdown. Meanwhile, different call types produced different patterns, though the weekly call totals decreased during the lockdown. There was a significant decrease in crime, traffic, and dispute calls, but a substantial increase in calls related to domestic violence, public security, and other issues.These findings will have implications for deploying police forces and allocating resources within the pandemic crisis in particular.

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